<label> HTML element represents a caption for an item in a user interface.
<label> with an
<input> element offers some major advantages:
- The label text is not only visually associated with its corresponding text input; it is programmatically associated with it too. This means that, for example, a screen reader will read out the label when the user is focused on the form input, making it easier for an assistive technology user to understand what data should be entered.
- When a user clicks or touches/taps a label, the browser passes the focus to its associated input (the resulting event is also raised for the input). That increased hit area for focusing the input provides an advantage to anyone trying to activate it — including those using a touch-screen device.
To associate the
<label> with an
<input> element, you need to give the
id attribute. The
<label> then needs a
for attribute whose value is the same as the input's
Alternatively, you can nest the
<input> directly inside the
<label>, in which case the
id attributes are not needed because the association is implicit:
<label>Do you like peas? <input type="checkbox" name="peas"> </label>
The form control that a label is labeling is called the labeled control of the label element. Multiple labels can be associated with the same form control:
<label for="username">Enter your username:</label> <input id="username"> <label for="username"><a href="/username-forgot">Forgot your username?</a></label>
This element includes the global attributes.
The value of the
forattribute must be a single
idfor a labelable form-related element in the same document as the
<label>element. So, any given
labelelement can be associated with only one form control.
The first element in the document with an
idattribute matching the value of the
forattribute is the labeled control for this
labelelement — if the element with that
idis actually a labelable element. If it is not a labelable element, then the
forattribute has no effect. If there are other elements that also match the
idvalue, later in the document, they are not considered.
labelelements can be given the same value for their
forattribute; doing so causes the associated form control (the form control that
forvalue references) to have multiple labels.Note: A
<label>element can have both a
forattribute and a contained control element, as long as the
forattribute points to the contained control element.
There are no special styling considerations for
<label> elements — structurally they are simple inline elements, and so can be styled in much the same way as a
<a> element. You can apply styling to them in any way you want, as long as you don't cause the text to become difficult to read.
<label>Click me <input type="text"></label>
<label for="username">Click me</label> <input type="text" id="username">
<label for="tac"> <input id="tac" type="checkbox" name="terms-and-conditions"> I agree to the <a href="terms-and-conditions.html">Terms and Conditions</a> </label>
<label for="tac"> <input id="tac" type="checkbox" name="terms-and-conditions"> I agree to the Terms and Conditions </label> <p> <a href="terms-and-conditions.html">Read our Terms and Conditions</a> </p>
Placing heading elements within a
<label> interferes with many kinds of assistive technology, because headings are commonly used as a navigation aid. If the label's text needs to be adjusted visually, use CSS classes applied to the
<label> element instead.
<label for="your-name"> <h3>Your name</h3> <input id="your-name" name="your-name" type="text"> </label>
<label class="large-label" for="your-name"> Your name <input id="your-name" name="your-name" type="text"> </label>
<input> element with a
type="button" declaration and a valid
value attribute does not need a label associated with it. Doing so may actually interfere with how assistive technology parses the button input. The same applies for the
|Content categories||Flow content, phrasing content, interactive content, form-associated element, palpable content.|
|Permitted content||Phrasing content, but no descendant
|Tag omission||None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.|
|Permitted parents||Any element that accepts phrasing content.|
|Implicit ARIA role||No corresponding role|
|Permitted ARIA roles||No
|HTML Standard (HTML)|
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