<tfoot>: The Table Foot element

The <tfoot> HTML element defines a set of rows summarizing the columns of the table.

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This element includes the global attributes.

Deprecated attributes

The following attributes are deprecated and should not be used. They are documented below for reference when updating existing code and for historical interest only.

align Deprecated

This enumerated attribute specifies how horizontal alignment of each cell content will be handled. Possible values are:

  • left, aligning the content to the left of the cell
  • center, centering the content in the cell
  • right, aligning the content to the right of the cell
  • justify, inserting spaces into the textual content so that the content is justified in the cell
  • char, aligning the textual content on a special character with a minimal offset, defined by the char and charoff attributes.

If this attribute is not set, the left value is assumed.


  • To achieve the same effect as the left, center, right or justify values, use the CSS text-align property on it.
  • To achieve the same effect as the char value, in CSS, you can use the value of the char as the value of the text-align property.
bgcolor Deprecated

The background color of the table. It is a 6-digit hexadecimal RGB code, prefixed by a '#'. One of the predefined color keywords can also be used.

To achieve a similar effect, use the CSS background-color property.

char Deprecated

This attribute specifies the alignment of the content in a column to a character. Typical values for this include a period (.) when attempting to align numbers or monetary values. If align is not set to char, this attribute is ignored.

charoff Deprecated

This attribute is used to indicate the number of characters to offset the column data from the alignment characters specified by the char attribute.

valign Deprecated

This attribute specifies the vertical alignment of the text within each row of cells of the table footer. Possible values for this attribute are:

  • baseline, which will put the text as close to the bottom of the cell as it is possible, but align it on the baseline of the characters instead of the bottom of them. If characters are all of the size, this has the same effect as bottom.
  • bottom, which will put the text as close to the bottom of the cell as it is possible;
  • middle, which will center the text in the cell;
  • and top, which will put the text as close to the top of the cell as it is possible.

Note: Do not use this attribute as it is obsolete (and not supported) in the latest standard: instead set the CSS vertical-align property on it.


Please see the <table> page for examples on <tfoot>.

Technical summary

Content categories None.
Permitted content Zero or more <tr> elements.
Tag omission The start tag is mandatory. The end tag may be omitted if there is no more content in the parent <table> element.
Permitted parents A <table> element. The <tfoot> must appear after any <caption>, <colgroup>, <thead>, <tbody>, or <tr> element. Note that this is the requirement in HTML.
Originally, in HTML4, the opposite was true: the <tfoot> element could not be placed after any <tbody> or <tr> element.
Implicit ARIA role rowgroup
Permitted ARIA roles Any
DOM interface HTMLTableSectionElement


HTML Standard
# the-tfoot-element

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also