upgrade-insecure-requests directive instructs user
agents to treat all of a site's insecure URLs (those served over HTTP) as though they
have been replaced with secure URLs (those served over HTTPS). This directive is
intended for web sites with large numbers of insecure legacy URLs that need to be
upgrade-insecure-requests directive is evaluated before
block-all-mixed-content and if it is set, the latter is effectively a
no-op. It is recommended to set either directive, but not both, unless you want to
force HTTPS on older browsers that do not force it after a redirect to HTTP.
upgrade-insecure-requests directive will not ensure that users
visiting your site via links on third-party sites will be upgraded to HTTPS for the
top-level navigation and thus does not replace the
Strict-Transport-Security (HSTS) header, which
should still be set with an appropriate
max-age to ensure that users are
not subject to SSL stripping attacks.
Using the HTTP header
Using the HTML meta element
<meta http-equiv="Content-Security-Policy" content="upgrade-insecure-requests" />
With the above header set on a domain example.com that wants to migrate from HTTP to HTTPS, non-navigational insecure resource requests are automatically upgraded (first-party as well as third-party requests).
<img src="http://example.com/image.png" /> <img src="http://not-example.com/image.png" />
These URLs will be rewritten before the request is made, meaning that no insecure requests will hit the network. Note that, if the requested resource is not actually available via HTTPS, the request will fail without any fallback to HTTP.
<img src="https://example.com/image.png" /> <img src="https://not-example.com/image.png" />
Navigational upgrades to third-party resources brings a significantly higher potential for breakage, these are not upgraded:
<a href="https://example.com/">Home</a> <a href="http://not-example.com/">Home</a>
Finding insecure requests
With the help of the
Content-Security-Policy-Report-Only header and
report-uri directive, you can set-up an enforced policy and a reported
policy like this:
Content-Security-Policy: upgrade-insecure-requests; default-src https: Content-Security-Policy-Report-Only: default-src https:; report-uri /endpoint
That way, you still upgrade insecure requests on your secure site, but the only monitoring policy is violated and reports insecure resources to your endpoint.
|Upgrade Insecure Requests |
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